Tennis Elbow Pain Location
Golfers Elbow Pain Location
The two most frequent causes for elbow pain are
- Medial Epicondylalgia (Golfers Elbow)
- Lateral Epicondylalgia (Tennis Elbow)
The two types of conditions share many similar features besides being hard to pronounce. Both types of conditions involve changes at the microscopic level of the forearm muscles as they insert onto the elbow. The changes that occur cause reduces the ability of these muscles to tolerate stress and as a result they become overloaded with subsequent pain.
Things to looks for to help decide if you are experiencing either type of problem include
- Pain with gripping or holding onto objects (kettles and mugs can become quite challenging!)
- Pain with participation in sport (racquet sports in particular such as... tennis! as well as golf!)
- Pain with either extending the wrist backwards or forwards, and/or extending the fingers backwards.
Both tennis and golfers elbow are caused through repetitive stress/overload of the muscles. This can occur through a variety of ways. Some of the most common are;
- Poor technique with racquet sports
- Too much time spent with gripping exercises or excessive hand use (typing, use of tools, painting a fence)
- Poor muscle strength/endurance
Treatments for Elbow Pain
Tennis elbow and Golfers elbow are both managed through a reduction in load initially. This means that the aggravating activities are identified and addressed through a change in duration, technique or stopped entirely.
A home exercise program is then implemented to address the microscopic changes in tissue to allow them to better tolerate stress. Hands on physiotherapy such as dry needling, soft tissue release and taping can also be useful in providing more immediate pain relief.
However, because the primary cause for pain with these issues are the reduced capacity of the muscles to tolerate pressure, it takes a number of weeks to get change the muscle structure. This is done through the guidance of your physio providing a structured exercise program.